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roma slavery 1The first attestations of the Roma appear in Romanian documents dating back to 1385(Muntenia) and 1428 (Moldova) indicating them as goods of some monasteries. Roma were treated as slaves, because they had particular skills like metal-working, carpentry and entertaining. They were of great economic value. There were three categories of slaves: Crown (state), noblemen (boyars) and monasteries (of monasteries). The slaves of the Crown carried out three principal occupations: goldwasher, bear-trainer and spoon-maker. In addition, there were slaves known as “laiesi” who were allowed to move about the estates doing a variety of jobs, including those of musician, farrier, whitewasher, sieve-maker, blacksmith and coppersmith. Slaves of the monasteries were grooms, cooks and coachmen. Among the house slaves were scopiti, males castrated so as not to present a threat to the noblewoman whom they served.

Initially Roma were slaves of the State, but upon selling or donating them, they could become possessions of monasteries and the boyars.Field slaves lived in satras or collections of reed and mud huts on the outskirts of the estates, seldom visited by their owners. They were not allowed to have musical instruments for their own amusement, and they were bought and sold in lots, also called satras, cetas or salases. Groups of slaves remained under the supervision of a vatav (also called a ciocoi) or overseer, who was sometimes brutally cruel. House slaves were forbidden to speak romani, and their descendants, the Beyash (also Boyash or Bayash), today have a variety of Romanian, a Latin-based language, rather than Romani, as their mother tongue.

Recently we had the visit of a large group of social science students from Avans Hogeschool University in Breda NL visiting our school! Thank you for all your love and support!

 

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ProRoma Private School - Formal Education Project!
Loving to Learn & Learning to Love!

 

 

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Days filled with joy & laughter at ProRroma School in Tinca and the neighbour schools in the area.

The incredible magician Linus Pasquale Cesarino and our friend Gabriele Scannapieco are back visiting us these days! Thank you for your incredible shows and for your service to Romanian children!

 

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Yet, another successful Christmas shoeboxes campaign. With special thanks to our friends & partners from Boxes of Hope, Cumbria. Thank you for your generous & continuous support throughout the year to our educational programs!

 

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The students of the ProRoma Tinca School marked the Day of the Minorities, wanting to symbolically emphasize the appreciation of the cultural riches of the ethnic minorities in Romania, the specificities of the Slovak, Hungarian and Roma minorities and the values of each. All these are essential components of the Romanian culture and are an invaluable cultural heritage for future generations. The students from the Roma community, being the coordinators of the workshops for the event, were empowered in front of their colleagues from Theoretical High School "N.Jiga" Tinca and those from the International School in Oradea as promoters of culture in our country.

 

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20 years oldOn this day (13th December), 20 years ago, the founding members held the official paper that confirms the establishment of the People to People Foundation! Formed as a response to the critical situations we saw in that period, we have grown beautifully, set up services, become proactive and we are convinced that we have succeeded in changing the lives of the people we have met!

We thank all our colleagues, volunteers, donors and funders who have been with us all this time.

"The giver of every good and perfect gift has called upon us to mimic God’s giving, by grace, through faith, and this is not of ourselves." - St. Nicholas of Myra

 

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